Examining the location of the existing refugee camps in Greece

Turkmen Ayse, Geggenidi Iliana, Panagiotidou Ioanna

Abstract

The aim of this report is to conduct research on the location of the existing refugee camps in Greece. Based on the current situation in which Greek Government creates temporary housing sites, we estimate that many of them do not meet accepted humanitarian standards.Thus,some factors were set which are believed to be criteria for a more effective site selection.These factors consist of both environmental and social factors. And the question is; is there any association between these factors and the existing location of the refugee camps?

Key Words; refugee, camps, Greece, factors

Body

  1. Introduction

Over one million people in search of asylum have traveled through Greece since 2015. The majority of refugees come from Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, and other countries rocked by war and violence. They all seek asylum in Europe, but as the context of the crisis continues to evolve refugees wait in temporary camps where conditions are poor. The current estimation of people stranded in Greece estimated is 57,000, and although the Greek government has created temporary housing sites, many do not meet accepted humanitarian standards.

Since we research on the below questions;

  • Why are the camps located in these specific areas?
  • In which factors is this choice based on?

We go through on some specific factors of our choice in order to answer them.

Our assumptions of factors for site selection;

Social: Facilities, Road Network

Environmental: Elevation, Temperature, Land Use

Factor Explanation
Elevation When the elevation is getting higher, transportation and accessibility of the road network becomes difficult, especially on severe whether conditions.
Temperature At high altitudes, temperature is decreasing.
Land Use We believe camps should be close to artificial surfaces because no matter how long they will stay in these camps, they need to have access to the city center to sustain their daily needs
Road Network it gives access
Facilities

(Schools, Hospitals)

Every human being should have equal opportunities to access facilities, such as hospitals and schools. The necessity of schools. If some of the refugees are going to seek asylum in Greece, school will help with their social integration. For those, that will continue their journey to Europe still it is significant for keeping their everyday routine alive.
Because of the side effects of the journey they are more vulnerable to diseases. Refugees live in poor conditions at the camps and because of the big population illnesses can be contagious.

 

2.    Study Area

The research is conducted in scale of municipalities because they are responsible for the administration of the camps and it is also believed that smaller administrative units give more accurate information for the final results.

Map with Area of Interest (pdf)

The below interactive map shows the location and the temporary situation of every refugee camp in the greek mainland and islands. Camps are 75 in number and they are distributed among 75 municipalities, which are considered to be our study area.

greece-refugee-camps-info-for-volunteers

 

3.    GIS

  • Data

Corine 2000 Land Use Shapefile (link)

Administrative Boundaries (link)

Greece Roads shapefile (link)

Health System Infastructure (link)

Education Infrastracture (link)

Refugee Camps kml (link)

Temperature (link)

Elevation (link)

  • Software

QGIS 2.18.2

ArcMap

Google Earth

  • Users

Turkmen Ayse

Geggenidi Iliana

Panagiotidou Ioanna